Microbiome 6_35 - JMullaney_et_al 170218.pdf (8.75 MB)

Type 1 diabetes susceptibility alleles are associated with distinct alterations in the gut microbiota *

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 22:06 authored by Jane MullaneyJane Mullaney, Juliette Stephens, Mary-Ellen Costello, Cai Fong, Brooke Geeling, Patrick Gavin, Casey Wright, Timothy Spector, Matthew Brown, Emma Hamilton-Williams
Background: Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune conditions including type 1 diabetes (T1D). It is unknown whether changes in the gut microbiota observed in T1D are due to environmental drivers, genetic risk factors or both. Here we have performed an analysis of associations between the gut microbiota and T1D genetic risk using the NOD mouse model of T1D and the TwinsUK cohort. Results: Through analysis of 5 separate colonies of T1D susceptible NOD mice, we identified a NOD core microbiome independent of animal facility. Introduction of disease protective alleles at the Idd3 and Idd5 loci (IL2, Ctla4, Slc11a1 and Acadl) resulted in disruption of the NOD core microbiome. Disease protected strains exhibited a restoration of immune regulatory pathways within the gut which could also be reestablished using IL-2 therapy. Increased T1D disease risk from IL-2 pathway loci in the TwinsUK cohort of human subjects resulted in some similar microbiota changes to those observed in the NOD mouse. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate for the first time that type 1 diabetes associated genetic variants that restore immune tolerance to islet antigens also result in functional changes in the gut immune system and resultant changes in the microbiota. * The Correction to this article has been published in Microbiome 2018 6:51


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© The Author(s). 2018 Open Access


  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No


BioMed Central

Journal title





Mullaney, J., Stephens, J., Costello, M.-E., Fong, C., Geeling, B., Gavin, P., … Hamilton-Williams, E. (2018). Type 1 diabetes susceptibility alleles are associated with distinct alterations in the gut microbiota. Microbiome, 6, 35. doi:10.1186/s40168-018-0417-4

Report number

FBP 78324

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