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Total soil cadmium concentrations in the Winchmore long-term phosphorus fertiliser trial are still increasing

journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-21, 03:49 authored by Colin Gray, Rich McDowellRich McDowell, Alasdair NobleAlasdair Noble
Reliable data on the rate of cadmium (Cd) accumulation in soils that receive phosphorus (P) fertiliser is vital to help manage the impact of Cd in agricultural systems in New Zealand. Studies of the long-term P fertiliser trial at Winchmore, where soils have received 0, 17, or 34 kg P ha‚àí1 yr‚àí1 for > 60 years, have reported that soil Cd concentrations over the last 15 years have either plateaued or are still increasing. To address this discrepancy, new soil Cd analysis was conducted on a wider set of archived soil samples from the Winchmore trial, along with some re-analysis of soil samples for Cd. When soil Cd data from previous studies were combined with the more recent set of Cd data, regression analysis indicated soil Cd concentrations in the 17, or 34 kg P ha‚àí1 yr‚àí1 fertiliser treatments are still increasing linearly over time. It is recommended soil samples from the long-term Winchmore trial continue to be analysed for Cd to confirm long-term trends, avoiding short-term perturbations. Such long-term trials are invaluable for providing robust information that will help in the ongoing management of Cd in New Zealand.


Funded by the New Zealand Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment's Our Land and Water National Science Challenge (Toitū te Whenua, Toiora te Wai) as part of project Linking Legacies to Wai


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  • English

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Journal title

New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research

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