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# The uncertainty of nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grasslands: a New Zealand case study

journal contribution

posted on 2023-05-03, 16:41 authored by Frank Kelliher, Harold HendersonHarold Henderson, Neil CoxNeil CoxMonte Carlo numerical simulation. For both methods, expert judgement was used to estimate the N input uncertainty. The EF uncertainty was estimated by meta-analysis of the results from 185 NZ field trials. For the analytical method, assuming a normal distribution and independence of the terms used to calculate the emissions (correlation ¼ 0), the estimated 95% confidence limit was ±57%. When there was a normal distribution and an estimated correlation of 0.4 between N input and EF, the latter inferred from experimental data involving six NZ soils, the analytical method estimated a 95% confidence limit of ±61%. The EF data from 185 NZ field trials had a logarithmic normal distribution. For the Monte Carlo method, assuming a logarithmic normal distribution for EF, a normal distribution for the other terms and independence of all terms, the estimated 95% confidence limits were 32% and þ88% or ±60% on average. When there were the same distribution assumptions and a correlation of 0.4 between N input and EF, the Monte Carlo method estimated 95% confidence limits were 34% and þ94% or ±64% on average. For the analytical and Monte Carlo methods, EF uncertainty accounted for 95% and 83% of the emissions uncertainty when the correlation between N input and EF was 0 and 0.4, respectively. As the first uncertainty analysis of an agricultural soils N2O emissions inventory using “country-specific” field trials to estimate EF uncertainty, this can be a potentially informative case study for the international scientific community.

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© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.## Language

- English

## Does this contain Māori information or data?

- No