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The effect of fiber type, yarn structure and fabric structure of the frictional characteristics of sock fabrics

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 11:38 authored by Rebecca Van Amber, Bronwyn Lowe, Brian Niven, Raechel Laing, Cheryl Wilson, Stewart CollieStewart Collie
The objective of this study was to measure the combined effects of fiber type (fine wool, mid-micron wool, acrylic), yarn type (high twist, low twist, single) and fabric structure (single jersey, half-terry, terry) on friction between sock fabrics and a synthetic skin using the horizontal platform method. The effect of weight of a hypothetical wearer and moisture content of a sock fabric were also investigated. Differences among fabrics were analyzed using frictional force traces. Data compared included the static and dynamic friction and coefficients of friction, as well as three new descriptive parameters. All variables investigated affected the frictional characteristics between a sock fabric and a synthetic skin. Single jersey fabrics had the lowest coefficient of static and dynamic friction. Friction between fabric and a synthetic skin was affected most by the applied weight, with the simulated adult weight resulting in a greater frictional force, and higher coefficients of static and dynamic friction. The most important effect of fiber was on the static frictional force and coefficient of static friction of damp fabrics, with fabrics composed of fine wool exhibiting lowest friction, and acrylic fabrics the highest


Rights statement

Copyright © 2015 by SAGE Publications


  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No


SAGE Publications

Journal title

Textile Research Journal




Van Amber, R.R., Lowe, B.J., Niven, B.E., Laing, R.M., Wilson, C.A., & Collie, S. (2015). The effect of fiber type, yarn structure and fabric structure on the frictional characteristics of sock fabrics. Textile Research, 85(2), 115-127

Report number

FBP 45026

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