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Sperm distribution and fertilization after unilateral and bilateral laparoscopic artificial insemination with frozen-thawed goat semen

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 11:52 authored by Nitira Anakkul, Junpen Suwimonteerabutr, Theerawat Tharasanit, Sarawanee Khunmanee, Paweena Diloksumpan, Debbie BergDebbie Berg, Mongkol Techakumphu
Generally, laparoscopic artificial insemination (LAI) provides a higher success rate than of cervical insemination in goats. However, the sperm distribution after LAI in goats remains unknown, particularly when frozen-thawed semen is used. This study evaluated the distribution of frozen-thawed goat spermatozoa after LAI and compared the effects of sperm numbers and deposition sites (unilateral and bilateral sites) on pregnancy rate. In experiment 1, the frozen-thawed spermatozoa were stained either with CellTracker Green CMFDA (CT-Green) or CellTracker Red CMPTX (CT-Red), and in vitro evaluations of viability and motility were performed. In experiment 2, the labeled spermatozoa were deposited via LAI into the left (CT-Green) and right (CT-Red) uterine horns (n ¼ 4). After ovariohysterectomy (6 hours after insemination), the distributions of green- and red-colored spermatozoa were assessed via tissue section, flushing, and the oviductal contents were also collected. Experiment 3 was designed to test the pregnancy rates in a group of 120 does after LAI using different numbers of spermatozoa (60 and 120 106 sperm per LAI) and different deposition sites. The results demonstrated that the fluorochromes used in this study did not impair sperm motility or viability. Frozen-thawed goat spermatozoa can migrate transuterinally after LAI, as evidenced by the observations of both CT-Green– and CT-Red–labeled spermatozoa in both uterine horns. Lower numbers of spermatozoa (60 106) that are inseminated unilaterally (either ipsilateral or contralateral to the site of ovulation) can efficiently be used for LAI in goats (with a 56.67% pregnancy rate).


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© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No



Journal title





Anakkul, N., Suwimonteerabutr, J., Tharasanit, T., Khunmanee, S., Diloksumpan, P., Berg, D. K., & Techakumphu, M. (2014). Sperm distribution and fertilization after unilateral and bilateral laparoscopic artificial insemination with frozen-thawed goat semen. Theriogenology, 82(8), 1137-1144.

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