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Nichols et al_2015 EEB revised for ROI.pdf (353.43 kB)

Physiological drought resistance and accumulation of leaf phenolics in white clover interspecific hybrids

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posted on 2023-05-03, 14:37 authored by Shirley NicholsShirley Nichols, Rainer Hofmann, Warren Williams
This study investigated drought responses in first (BC1) and second (BC2) backcross generation hybrids of Trifolium repens L. x T. uniflorum L., and compared these to high-yielding T. repens L. (white clover) cultivars. Plant attributes included accumulation of leaf phenolics as well as other biochemical and physiological water stress responses. Measurements were made across broad clover types as well as on a subset of related material. Under drought, net photosynthesis decreased by 44-48% and transpiration rates decreased by 60% in the BC2 family and in the white clover parent, but were unaltered in the BC1 family. Drought-induced decreases in leaf water potential were more pronounced in the BC1 family (-47%) than the BC2 (-31%) and parental (-28%) material. Quercetin glycoside accumulation generally increased 2-3 fold under drought. Compared with the BC2 family and with parent plants, the BC1 family had 2.5-4x higher constitutive kaempferol glycoside levels, and 1.5-2.5x higher kaempferol glycoside accumulation under drought. Constitutive kaempferol glycoside accumulation was related to reduced senescence and to less pronounced decreases in shoot DW under drought stress. Hydroxycinnamic acid accumulation increased by 56-73% under water stress, particularly for the BC1 generation. These results identify physiological and biochemical traits that help explain drought resistance of T. repens x T. uniflorum hybrids. The findings suggest merit for the selection of BC1 families with increased accumulation of protective phenolic compounds in breeding programmes for improved drought resistance.

History

Rights statement

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Language

  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No

Publisher

Elsevier

Journal title

Environmental and Experimental Botany

ISSN

0098-8472

Citation

Nichols, S. N., Hofmann, R. W., & Williams, W. M. (2015). Physiological drought resistance and accumulation of leaf phenolics in white clover interspecific hybrids. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 119, 40-47. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2015.05.014

Contract number

C02X810

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