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Barratt et al ASW in tussock-Frontiers paper.pdf (185.61 kB)

Is the invasive species Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Argentine stem weevil) a threat to New Zealand natural grassland ecosystems?

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posted on 2023-05-03, 10:34 authored by Barbara BarrattBarbara Barratt, Diane BartonDiane Barton, Bruce Philip, Colin FergusonColin Ferguson, Stephen GoldsonStephen Goldson
Listronotus bonariensis (Argentine stem weevil) is a stem-boring weevil that has become a major pasture pest in New Zealand, and cool climate turf grass in Australia. This species is also frequently found in native tussock grassland in New Zealand. Laboratory and field trials were established to determine the risk posed to both seedlings and established plants of three native grass species compared to what happens with the most common host of this species, Lolium perenne (ryegrass). Adult weevil feeding damage scores were higher on Poa colensoi and Festuca novae-zelandiae than Chionochloa rigida. Oviposition was lower on P. colensoi than L. perenne, and no eggs were laid on F. novae-zealandiae. In field trials using the same four species established as spaced plants L. bonariensis laid more eggs per tiller in L. perenne in a low altitude pasture site than in ryegrass in a higher altitude site. No were eggs found on the three native grass species at the tussock sites, and only low numbers were found on other grasses at the low altitude pasture site. Despite this, numbers of adult weevils were extracted from the plants in the field trials. These may have comprised survivors of the original weevils added to the plants, together with naturally occurring individuals arising from the next field generation. Irrespective, higher numbers were recovered from the tussock site plants than from those from the pasture site. It was concluded that L. bonariensis is likely to have a greater impact on native grass seedling survival than on established plants.

History

Rights statement

Open Access. This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission

Language

  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No

Publisher

Frontiers Media S.A.

Journal title

Frontiers in Plant Science

ISSN

1664-462X

Citation

Barratt, B. I. P., Barton, D. M., Philip, B. A., Ferguson, C. M., & Goldson, S. L. (2016). Is the invasive species Listronotus bonariensis (Kuschel) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Argentine Stem Weevil) a threat to New Zealand natural grassland ecosystems? Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, 1091. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01091

Funder

Core Funding

Contract number

A18983

Job code

291021