ORS 4648-Invertebrate Biosecurity Challenges in High-Productivity Grassland.pdf (626.03 kB)

Invertebrate biosecurity challenges for high productivity grasslands

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 20:42 authored by Stephen GoldsonStephen Goldson, Barbara BarrattBarbara Barratt, Karen Armstrong
To protect productive grasslands from pests and diseases, effective pre- and at-border planning and interventions are necessary. Biosecurity failure inevitably requires particularly expensive and difficult eradication, or long term and often quite ineffective management strategies. Early intervention is more likely for sectors where there is public and political interest in plants of immediate economic and/or social value and where associated pests are typically located above-ground on host plantings of limited distribution. Here, biosecurity surveillance and responses can be readily designed. In contrast, pastures comprise plants of low inherent unit value that create little, aesthetic interest. Yet, given the vast extent of pasture in New Zealand and the value of the associated industries, these plants are of immense economic importance. Compounding this is the invasibility of New Zealand’s pastoral’s ecosystems through the lack of biotic resistance to incursion and invasion. Further, given the sheer area of pasture, intervention options are limited because of costs per unit area. Biosecurity risk for pastoral products differs from, say, fruit imports where at least part of an invasive pathway can be recognised and risks assessed. The ability to do this via pastoral sector pathways is much reduced since risk organisms more frequently arrive via hitchhiker pathways which are diffuse and varied. Further, pasture pests within grassland ecosystems are typically cryptic, often with subterranean larval stages. Such characteristics make detection and response to new incursions particularly difficult. The consequences of this threatens to add to the ever-increasing stressors of production intensification and climate uncertainty. This review explores the unique challenges for pasture biosecurity and what may be done to confront existing difficulties through adoption of more innovation and awareness.


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Copyright © 2016 Goldson, Barratt and Armstrong. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.


  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

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Frontiers Media

Journal title

Frontiers in Plant Science




Goldson, S. L., Barratt, B. I. P., & Armstrong, K. F. (2016). Invertebrate biosecurity challenges for high productivity grasslands. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, 1670. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.01670

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