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Genotypic variation in a breeding population of Yellow Sweet Clover (Melilotus officinalis)

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posted on 2023-05-03, 16:26 authored by Kai Luo, Zulfi JahuferZulfi Jahufer, Fan Wu, Hongyan Di, Daiyu Zhang, Xuanchen Meng, Jiyu Zhang, Yanrong Wang
Yellow sweet clover is a widely spread legume species that has potential to be used as a forage crop in Western China. However, limited information is available on the genetic variation for herbage yield, key morphological traits and coumarin content. In this study 40 F1 generation breeding lines of M. officinalis were evaluated for genotypic variation and phenotypic and genotypic correlation for the traits: LS (leaf to stem ratio), SV (spring vigour), LA (leaf area), PH (plant height), DW (herbage dry weight), SD (stem diameter), SN (stem number), Cou (coumarin content), SY (seed yield), across two locations, Yuzhong and Linze, in Western China. There was significant (P<0.05) genotypic variation among the breeding lines for all traits. There was also significant (P<0.05) genotype-by-environment interaction for the traits DW, PH, SD, SN and SV. The estimates of line mean repeatability across two locations ranged from 0.32 for SN to 0.89 for LA. Pattern analysis generated four breeding line groups where group 3 consisted of lines with above average expression for DW and below average expression for Cou. The F2 generation breeding population developed by polycrossing the breeding lines within group 3 will provide a significant breeding pool for M. officinalis cultivar development in China.


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Open access


  • English

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  • No


Frontiers Media

Journal title

Frontiers in Plant Science




Luo, K., Jahufer, M. Z. Z., Wu, F., Di, H., Zhang, D., Meng, X., … Wang, Y. (2016). Genotypic variation in a breeding population of Yellow Sweet Clover (Melilotus officinalis). Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, 972. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00972

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