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Scientific Reports 6_Art No 30768 - WKelly et al 290716.pdf (1.11 MB)

Genomic analysis of three Bifidobacterium species isolated from the calf gastrointestinal tract

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posted on 2023-05-03, 12:02 authored by Bill KellyBill Kelly, Adrian CooksonAdrian Cookson, Eric Altermann, Suzanne Lambie, Rechelle Perry, Kenneth Teh, Don Otter, Nicole Shapiro, Tanye Woyke, Sinead LeahySinead Leahy
Ruminant animals contribute significantly to the global value of agriculture and rely on a complex microbial community for efficient digestion. However, little is known of how this microbial-host relationship develops and is maintained. To begin to address this, we have determined the ability of three Bifidobacterium species isolated from the faeces of newborn calves to grow on carbohydrates typical of a newborn ruminant diet. Genome sequences have been determined for these bacteria with analysis of the genomes providing insights into the host association and identification of several genes that may mediate interactions with the ruminant gastrointestinal tract. The present study provides a starting point from which we can define the role of potential beneficial microbes in the nutrition of young ruminants and begin to influence the interactions between the microbiota and the host. The differences observed in genomic content hint at niche partitioning among the bifidobacterial species analysed and the different strategies they employ to successfully adapt to this habitat.

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© The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material.

Language

  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No

Publisher

Springer Nature

Journal title

Scientific Reports

ISSN

2045-2322

Citation

Kelly, W. J., Cookson, A. L., Altermann, E., Lambie, S. C., Perry, R., Teh, K. H., Otter, D. E., Shapiro, N., Woyke, T., & Leahy, S. C. (2016). Genomic analysis of three Bifidobacterium species isolated from the calf gastrointestinal tract. Scientific Reports, 6, 30768. doi:10.1038/srep30768

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