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Effects of soy protein to wheat gluten ratio on the physicochemical properties of extruded meat analogues

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posted on 2023-05-03, 14:52 authored by Jie Hong Chiang, Simon Loveday, Allan Hardacre, Michael Parker
This study reported on the effects of soy protein concentrate (SPC) to wheat gluten (WG) ratio at a constant mass of SPC and WG on the physicochemical properties of extruded meat analogues. The physical, chemical and textural properties of meat analogues were studied, where meat analogues containing 30%WG showed the highest degree of texturisation, fibrous structure, hardness and chewiness using instrumental and sensory analysis. Layered or fibrous microstructure of meat analogues was observed using scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy. Meat analogues containing 20%WG and 30%WG were found to exhibit fibrous microstructure with large fibrous structures interconnected with much smaller fibres. The types of chemical bonding in meat analogues were tested with urea (U), dithiothreitol (DTT) and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS); findings suggested that a large portion of aggregated proteins were linked with hydrogen bonds. Disulphide bonds became increasingly important as the amount of WG was increased, and synergies between hydrogen bonds and disulphide bonds were evident from increased solubility effects with mixed solvents, especially U and DTT. It was concluded that processing conditions during extrusion denatured the proteins, allowing increased crosslinking, which facilitated the formation of fibrous structures.

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Rights statement

© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Language

  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No

Publisher

Elsevier

Journal title

Food Structure

ISSN

2213-3291

Citation

Chiang, J. H., Loveday, S. M., Hardacre, A. K., & Parker, M. E. (2019). Effects of soy protein to wheat gluten ratio on the physicochemical properties of extruded meat analogues. Food Structure, 19, 100102. doi:10.1016/j.foostr.2018.11.002

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