File(s) not publicly available

Effects of boric acid on urea-N transformation and 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate efficiency

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 19:20 authored by Jichao Gao, Jiafa LuoJiafa Luo, Stuart LindseyStuart Lindsey, Yuanliang Shi, Zhanbo Wei, Lingli Wang, Lei Zhang
Background: 3,4-Dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) is a nitrification inhibitor which can restrict nitrate (NO3 - ) production. Boric acid is a substance which inhibits urease activity. However, few studies have focused on the inhibitory effect of boric acid on urea hydrolysis and the possible synergistic effect with DMPP. Thus, an incubation trial was conducted to determine the impact of boric acid and DMPP addition on urea-N transformation, and their synergistic effects, in chernozem soil (Che) and red soil (RS). Four treatments were set up in each soil: urea only (U); urea combined with DMPP (UD); urea combined with boric acid (UB); and urea combined with both DMPP and boric acid (UDB). Results: Compared to U, adding DMPP (UD) increased NH3 emissions by 11% and 13% and decreased soil NO3 - -N concentration by 38% and 13% in Che and RS, respectively. Boric acid addition (UB) effectively prolonged the half-life time of urea by 0.8 and 0.4 days, reduced NH3 volatilizations by 11% and 16% and delayed the occurrence of NH3 emission peaks for 3 and 4 days in contrast to U treatment in Che and RS, respectively. UDB treatment mitigated the NH3 volatilizations caused by the addition of DMPP (UD) by 16% and 29% in Che and RS, respectively. Additionally, a better nitrification inhibition rate was found in the UDB treatment compared to other treatments in both soils. Conclusions: There is potential to develop a new N transformation inhibition strategy with the use of a combination of boric acid and DMPP.


Rights statement

© 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No



Journal title

Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture




Gao, J., Luo, J., Lindsey, S., Shi, Y., Wei, Z., Wang, L., & Zhang, L. (2021). Effects of boric acid on urea-N transformation and 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate efficiency. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 101(3), 1091–1099. doi:10.1002/jsfa.10719

Usage metrics


    Ref. manager