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Characterisation and structural analysis of glyoxylate cycle enzymes of Teladorsagia circumcincta

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 18:56 authored by Saleh UmairSaleh Umair, Charlotte BouchetCharlotte Bouchet, Nik PalevichNik Palevich, Heather Simpson
A 1332 bp full length cDNA encoding Teladorsagia circumcincta isocitrate lyase (TciICL) and a 1575 bp full length cDNA encoding T. circumcincta malate synthase (TciMS) were cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant proteins purified. The predicted TciICL protein of 444 amino acids was present as a single band of about 52 kDa on SDS-PAGE and the recombinant TciMS of 525 amino acids formed a single band about 62 kDa. Multiple alignments of the combined bifunctional TciICL-MS protein sequence with homologues from other nematodes showed that the greatest similarity (89–92 %) to the homologues of Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Haemonchus contortus and Haemonchus placei and 71–87 % similarity to the other nematode sequences. The 3-dimensional structures, binding and catalytic sites were determined for TciICL and TciMS and shown to be highly conserved. Substrate and metal ion binding sites were identified and were completely conserved in other homologues. TciICL was confirmed as a functional enzyme. At 30 °C, the optimum pH was pH 7.5, the Vmax was 275 ± 23 nmoles.min−1. mg-1 protein and the apparent Km for the substrate isocitrate was 0.7 ± 0.01μM (mean ± SEM, n = 3). Addition of 10 mM metal ions (except Mg2+) or 1 mM inhibitors reduced the recombinant TciICL activity by 60–90 %. Antibodies in both serum and saliva from field-immune, but not nematode-naïve, sheep recognised recombinant TciICL in ELISA, supporting similar antigenicity to that of the native enzyme.


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  • English

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Journal title

Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology




Umair, S., Bouchet, C., Palevich, N., & Simpson, H. V. (2020). Characterisation and structural analysis of glyoxylate cycle enzymes of Teladorsagia circumcincta. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 240, 111335. doi:10.1016/j.molbiopara.2020.111335

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