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Casein polymorphism heterogeneity influences casein micelle size in milk of individual cows

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-03, 12:05 authored by Li DayLi Day, Roderick Williams, Don Otter, MaryAnn Augustin
Milk samples from individual cows producing small (148–155 nm) or large (177–222 nm) casein micelles were selected to investigate the relationship between the individual casein proteins, specifically κ- and β-casein phenotypes, and casein micelle size. Only κ-casein AA and β-casein A1A1, A1A2 and A2A2 phenotypes were found in the large casein micelle group. Among the small micelle group, both κ-casein and β-casein phenotypes were more diverse. κ-Casein AB was the dominant phenotype, and 3 combinations (AA, AB, and BB) were present in the small casein micelle group. A considerable mix of β-casein phenotypes was found, including B and I variants, which were only found in the small casein micelle group. The relative amount of κ-casein to total casein was significantly higher in the small micelle group, and the nonglycosylated and glycosylated κ-casein contents were higher in the milks with small casein micelles (primarily with κ-casein AB and BB variants) compared with the large micelle group. The ratio of glycosylated to nonglycosylated κ-casein was higher in the milks with small casein micelles compared with the milks with large casein micelles. This suggests that although the amount of κ-casein (both glycosylated and nonglycosylated) is associated with micelle size, an increased proportion of glycosylated κ-casein could be a more important and favorable factor for small micelle size. This suggests that the increased spatial requirement due to addition of the glycosyl group with increasing extent of glycosylation of κ-casein is one mechanism that controls casein micelle assembly and growth. In addition, increased electrostatic repulsion due to the sialyl residues on the glycosyl group could be a contributory factor.


Rights statement

Copyright © 2015 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No


Elsevier Inc.

Journal title

Journal of Dairy Science


Day, L., Williams, R. P. W., Otter, D., & Augustin, M. A. (2015). Casein polymorphism heterogeneity influences casein micelle size in milk of individual cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(6), 3633-3644. doi:10.3168/jds.2014-9285

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