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Different nitrogen fertilizer strategies to reduce nitrous oxide emissions on a potato rotation in a volcanic ash soil

conference contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 01:16 authored by Marta Alfaro ValenzuelaMarta Alfaro Valenzuela, Sara Hube, Francisco Salazar, Ignacio Beltran, Luis Ramirez

Southern Chile has the largest potato crop production in the country, with 50% of the national production, mainly under rainfed conditions. High nitrogen (N) fertilizer rates are applied, with risks of increasing soil N2O emissions. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of N rates and form of application on yield and N2O emissions of a potato-cover crop rotation. The experiment was carried out at INIA Remehue (40°52’ S, 73°06’ W), during 2016/17 and 2017/18, evaluating the application of 80, 150 and 300 kg N/ha (conventional N rate applied by farmers), applied 35% at planting (granular for all treatments) and 65% 45 días after planting (granular urea or foliar application, 2: 1 ratio of water: urea, for the 80 kg N/ha treatment). A control treatment with no N addition was also considered. In the first growing season, emissions varied between 1.4 ± 0.03 and 3.0 ± 0.35 kg N2O-N/ha, with higher emissions at the higher N rates applied (p<0.05), with no differences in yield production (p>0.05). In the second growing season a 43% less rainfall than an average year and 49% less than the previous season was registered, which reduced yields and emissions significantly, resulting in no differences between treatments (p>0.05). Emissions of N2O were related to NO3 soil availability only during the first year of evaluation. On average, reducing N fertilization to 150 and 80 kg N/ha reduced N2O emissions up to 31% with no differences among these two treatments, and emission intensity up to 34% in the 80 kg N/ha treatment, without detrimental impact on crop yield. On rainfed systems, N fertilization can be significantly reduced in below average rainfall years. This would also reduce direct cost in fertilizer application, favouring the economic and environmental sustainability of potato producers in Southern Chile.

Funding

Centre for Climate Action on Agricultural Emissions of the Ministry for Primary Industries

History

Rights statement

This is an open-access output. It may be used, distributed or reproduced in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Publication date

2024-05-19

Project number

  • PRJ0648681

Language

  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No

Publisher

AgResearch Ltd

Conference name

Centennial Celebration and Congress of the International Union of Soil Sciences

Conference location

Florence, Italy

Conference start date

2024-05-19

Conference end date

2024-05-21

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