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Phenomics for the improvement of crop adaptation

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posted on 2023-05-04, 10:58 authored by Kioumars Ghamkhar
High Throughput Phenotyping Platforms (HTPPs) enable detailed, non-invasive data capture throughout the plant life cycle in a carefully controlled environment. However, quantitative trait loci and candidate genes identified within controlled environments have generally not translated into yield gains in the field either. To enhance the efficient use of genomic data to meet the targets of food and feed production by 2050, accurate phenotypic measurements and precise location of crops in the field is needed. Therefore, the challenge of efficient germplasm assessment for genebanks is to use phenotyping methods that estimate plant yield or persistence in specifically managed field trials, evaluate yield across target climatic scenarios and generate inexpensive, reliable and repeatable data, ideally while also cutting costs. Sensor and imaging technologies offer a unique opportunity to elevate the rate and quality of germplasm screening by genebanks for pre-breeding research and early discovery of genotypes and traits in the largely diverse collections that are stored in these seed repositories.

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© 2023 by Apple Academic Press, Inc. Apple Academic Press exclusively co-publishes with CRC Press, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Language

  • English

Does this contain Māori information or data?

  • No

Publisher

Apple Academic Press

Journal title

Plant genetic resources for the 21st century: The OMICS era

ISBN

9781003302957

Citation

Ghamkhar, K. (2023). Phenomics for the improvement of crop adaptation. In K. Ghamkhar, W. M. Williams, & A. H. D. Brown (Eds.), Plant genetic resources for the 21st century: The OMICS era. Apple Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003302957-10

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